Trends in Education
In contemporary society, technological innovations have led to dynamic trends not only in educational learning environments and systems but also in almost all aspects of life. Trends, from the perspective of education, denote divergent directions of transformation that are attributed to new patterns and concepts of particular behaviors that shape the current and future learning systems of education. When information technologies are integrated into educational learning systems, significant changes take place that bring about a new learning approach. Major curricular changes have taken place in engineering, business, design, and medicine. These changes have taken place to accommodate dynamic processes, demands, opportunities, and potentials brought about by computational tools. This article will attempt to exclusively explain major trends in education.
There is a rising trend of new paradigms such as the application of the internet of things in learning. For instance, students are now learning how to write code in their computer projects in game consoles and robots. Monitors for lawn sprinklers and 3D printers all require secure and segmented links to manage traffic while keeping the learning process safe. The latest paradigms of learning that emerged during Hurricanes Katrina have greatly impacted the learning system from kindergarten to 12th grade. You can now notice a rising trend toward venturing in competency-based education. Furthermore, the trend toward the utilization of micro-credentials has changed the way things used to be done traditionally. Competency-based education is largely providing online tools that enable students to do their assignments and complete coursework in time to improve such aspects as graduation.
Education in the internet age
Figure 1: Education in the internet age and applicability of internet of things. Source: The book of trends in education 2.0
The latest educational research has shown that competency-based education is improving student performance and general outcome. Additionally, it has enabled teachers to shift from traditional test preparation to concept mastery and practical learning. Moreover, teachers are now able to troubleshoot critical student areas that need to be revised to identify potential weaknesses and strengths of students.
Micro-credentialing has further helped in capturing learning evidence. Consequently, schools are now able to issue, maintain, track, and update concept mastery and learning.
Investment in digital citizenship programs and digital curriculum is another rising trend in education. In the US for instance, kindergarten to 12th grade are now communicating with their peers through social media. Moreover, with the rise of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), school initiatives have prompted for digital citizenship. According to the Global State of Digital Learning survey of 2018, the second priority in the US schools was digitizing the curriculum. Today, investments in learning management systems are increasing with partnership integrations.
Open Educational Resources have also increased. Software as a service (SaaS) has rapidly been growing and now implemented in educational systems. SaaS is now seen as a major breakthrough in the management of early education. The early education management system incorporates computer applications and SaaS mainly for operations management in student information systems, family-student information management, family involvement, curriculum delivery, learning portfolios, and text messaging.
There is an explosion in today’s learning in the sense that it has become immersive learning. Currently, employers are demanding career-ready graduates. This has propelled the need for immersive learning systems such as augmented and virtual reality to offer practical experiences from the real world. Since hardware and software costs are declining, immersive learning is rapidly spreading across institutions because devices are now affordable. Markets that stand the greatest chance of benefiting from augmented reality include skilled building trading that is characterized by high labor demands.
Using virtual reality in learning
Figure 2: Students using virtual reality in learning. Source: EDUCAUSE Horizon Report | 2019 Higher Education Edition
The significance of hyper-convergence is now a celebrated idea. This all began with cybersecurity. In the past years, learning institutions waited until when their systems were breached. Only then did they feel the need to update their security systems and measures. This had a significant cost impact on their budget. Nowadays, college students want to be connected in their learning environment right from dorms, lecture rooms, and playgrounds. In a recent survey conducted in the US, most students who failed to enroll in universities they chose cited lack of Wi-Fi as the main reason. Therefore, the power of hyper-connectivity cannot be disputed today.
Data integration will be driving learning analytics. Videos are now new platforms for creating and posting video assignments by some professors. Questions and their respective answers can be conducted online. A learning management system will eventually be the universal administrator of courses.
Higher learning institutions are now venturing into cloud-based and configurable systems. Higher learning institutions are now facing pressure from multiple policymakers, parents, faculties, and funding agencies to be at the forefront of demonstrating accountability. For these institutions to measure and assess student success, they must leverage cloud-based computer technologies. However, this should not only engage students but also expand their insights to enable them to acquire appropriate resources for meeting multiple needs and wants of students. Furthermore, they should help students succeed in both education and occupation. These technological advances have changed the face of education.
Today, student satisfaction has drastically shifted to a focus on technology. In 2017 for instance, students' needs and wants mainly drove the buying decisions for universities and colleges in the US. Colleges and universities viewed their students as “customers”. Higher learning institutions recognized the fact that meeting student demands now and in the future will largely depend on technology implementations. Three key areas that are driving technology to greater heights include efficiency and mobility, cloud computing, and integration. Efficiency and mobility have rendered paperwork obsolete. Now, students want systems that quickly connect them to financial applications, change of multiple requests and processes. In other words, institutions should not just focus on providing technological systems but also consider their efficiency and ability to be compatible with the latest technologies.
Therefore, the trends in education can be attributed to technological advancements that drive most educational systems. The power of technology in changing the nature of learning cannot be disputed. Students, learning institutions, policymakers, parents, and other parties have felt the power behind technology and its significance in enhancing education. It is now upon these parties to venture into functional technologies to better modern education.
About the author:
Julius Ondara, Records Assistant at The Record House Ltd.
The purpose of life is to be useful to others. I am an experienced and passionate writer of multiple topics and general life aspects. I desire to convey the message as it is and within context while observing the purpose of writing.
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